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Distribution and use of uncertified products.



Legislation of the Russian Federation in the area of non-tariff regulations and mandatory conformity certification provides for liability for violation of the rules of certification and licensing of goods. Various types of punishment for import, distribution in domestic market and using products with violation are provided for manufacturers, sellers and owners of goods. Such violations include:
  • Import to the customs territory or selling in domestic market of goods that are subject to mandatory Eurasian Conformity (EAC) certification without an EAC certificate or an EAC declaration.
  • Selling goods without a mandatory EAC label, or without stating the information about EAC certification in accompanying documents.
  • Using in communication networks communication equipment that is subject to mandatory certification or declaring to the Ministry of Communications without a CCC certificate or CCC declaration.
  • Import or selling in domestic market of goods that use a radio frequency spectrum, without getting a RFC certificate for them or without entering them into the Unified Register of Radio Electronic Equipment and High Frequency Devices approved for import.
  • Import or selling in domestic market of goods that use coding and cryptography without registered FSS notification.
  • Import of goods that are subject to non-tariff regulatory measures in trade with third countries without getting a EAC license.


Thus, in case of attempted import to the territory of the Russian Federation of goods without a EAC certificate or a EAC license the article 16.3 of the Code of Administrative Offences of the Russian Federation (CAO of RF) is applied. It provides for punishment for non-compliance with the measures of non-tariff regulation upon importing to the customs territory of the Customs Union, in the form of an administrative fine for citizens from 1000 to 2000 RUB., with confiscation of goods or without it. The same article of the Code of Administrative Offences of Russian Federation (CAO of RF) for legal entities provides for a fine from 50000 to 100000 RUB. with confiscation of goods or without it..

Selling goods without a EAC certificate or a EAC declaration that certify the safety of such goods for life and health of people falls within the scope of the article 14.4 of the Code of Administrative Offences of Russian Federation (CAO of RF). It provides for an administrative fine for citizens from 1000 to 2000 RUB., for sole proprietors - from 10000 to 20000 RUB., for legal entities - from 20000 to 30000 RUB.. Repeated violation of this article provides for the increased fine for citizens up to 5000 RUB., for sole proprietors - to 30000 RUB., for legal entities - to 50000 RUB., with confiscation of goods or without it.



Selling goods without a mandatory Eurasian Conformity (EAC) label, including certified goods, carries a penalty according to the article 15.12 of the Code of Administrative Offences of Russian Federation (CAO of RF). It provides for an administrative fine for citizens from 2000 to 4000 RUB., with confiscation of goods, for legal entities - from 50000 to 300000 RUB., with confiscation of goods.

Using in communication networks communication equipment that is subject to mandatory certification without a CCC certificate falls within the scope of the article 13.6 of the Code of Administrative Offences of Russian Federation (CAO of RF). It carries a penalty in the form of an administrative fine for citizens from 3000 to 5000 RUB., with confiscation of communication equipment or without it, for legal entities - from 60000 to 300000 RUB., with confiscation of communication equipment or without it.. In case communication equipment is not subject to mandatory certification but is subject to mandatory declaring, then using them in communication networks without a CCC declaration carries a penalty in the form of an administrative fine for legal entities from 60000 to 150000 RUB., with confiscation of communication equipment or without it.



Business activity in the field of data protection with violation of terms provided for by the license of Federal Security Service (FSS) falls within the scope of the article 13.12 of the Code of Administrative Offences of Russian Federation (CAO of RF). It carries a penalty in the form of an administrative fine for citizens from 1000 to 1500 RUB., for legal entities - from 15000 to 20000 RUB.. A similar violation that qualifies as gross carries a penalty in the form of an administrative fine for sole proprietors from 2000 to 3000 RUB., or administrative suspension of activities for up to 90 days, for legal entities - from 20000 to 25000 RUB. or administrative suspension of activities for up to 90 days. Business activity in the field of data protection without getting the license of Federal Security Service (FSS) falls within the scope of the article 13.13 of the Code of Administrative Offences of Russian Federation (CAO of RF). It carries a penalty in the form of an administrative fine for citizens from 500 to 1000 RUB., with confiscation of data protection equipment or without it, for legal entities - from 10000 to 20000 RUB., with confiscation of data protection equipment or without it. Moreover, business activity without a special permit (license) constitutes offense according to the article 14.1 of the Code of Administrative Offences of Russian Federation (CAO of RF) and the article 171 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation (CC of RF).

In case of importing or selling goods and equipment designed for surreptitious obtaining of information without acquiring the official permit of Federal Security Service (FSS) to import and distribute such goods, it falls within the scope of article 138.1 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation. It provides for the penalty for acquisition or marketing of special technical equipment designed for surreptitious obtaining of information in the form of a fine up to 200000 RUB., or supervised release for up to 4 or compulsory labour for up to 4 years.

Штраф за отсутствие Сертификата, Декларации и Лицензии для рынка России   的俄罗斯证书和许可证
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We would like to offer our product to Russian customers and we would like to ask you what kind of certificate we need for our point-to-point radio relay 80GHz link. Thank you very much!
Ondrej Hanzlik 7/11/2016 6:28:22 PM
Hello Ondrej,
This product needs to have the following documents for customs clearance:
EAC declaration
RFC certificate
EAC license
Certificate.Net 7/12/2016 10:34:05 AM
Hi, We would like to import standard RFID tags to Russia. What certificates and licenses would be required? With best regards, Simon
Simon Peter 1/11/2017 4:23:43 PM
Hi Simon,
It depends on the standard of RFID tags. Please send me additional information:
  • What standard of the tags (IEC…, ITU…)
  • Working RF frequency
  • Encryption (if any)
Certificate.Net 1/11/2017 5:07:32 PM
Hi, We are sending bank debit cards from London to our Russia bank branch via courier. Customs have held it, as they are asking for an FSB notification for this product. Could you please advise if this is correct and if so, what do we need to do?
Kavitha 1/19/2017 3:00:33 PM
Hi Kavitha,
It depends on functions of the cards. If cards has chips with hardware encryption (DES, 3DES, AES, RSA, SHA, MD5 etc.) like in Smart Cards, Java Cards, Mifare Cards – then the FSS notification should be registered.
If you have a technical specification for cards chips please send it to me for more concrete answer.
In other case if cards do not have any encryption it should be imported without any additional permissions.
Certificate.Net 1/19/2017 4:36:02 PM
Dear Sir, We wanted to start importing Mobile phones - both feature and smart phones . Please advice which certificates are necessary for just import i.e for customs clearance and which are required while selling to our clients. Which are must and which are optional. Thanls alot .
INDER JEET 2/5/2017 4:06:38 PM
Dear Inder,
Here is a list of mandatory certificates for customs clearance:

EAC declaration of conformity for electrical safety and EMC.
Maximum validity 3 years, the applicant must be the authorized representative in Russia.
Lead time 5 days, cost USD *** for one model, no extra tax.
Certification procedure requires to sign a set of application documents and provide:
  • A copy of the technical specification - signed by the applicant.
  • A copy of the manual - signed by the applicant.
  • Copies of the constituent documents of applicant - signed by the applicant.
  • Photos of the device.

RFC certificate of conformity for radiofrequency compatibility.
Maximum validity unlimited, the applicant must be the authorized representative in Russia.
Lead time 1-5 weeks (by applicant’s choice, shorter time requires the bigger tax), minimum cost USD *** + tax USD *** + testing USD *** for one model.
Certification procedure requires to sign a set of application documents and provide:
  • A copy of the Unified State Register of Legal Entities form - signed by the applicant.
  • A copy of the order of appointment to the post of applicant’s director - signed by the applicant.
  • A product sample for testing.

FSS notification for encryption compatibility.
Maximum validity unlimited, the applicant must be the manufacturer or the authorized representative in Russia.
Lead time 5 days, cost USD *** for one model, no extra tax.
Registration procedure requires to sign a set of application documents and provide:
  • A technical characteristics - signed by the manufacturer or an authorized representative (text prepared by our experts).
or
  • A copy of a power of attorney (sample provided by our experts), with Russian translation & Apostille or consular legalization.

And for selling to your customers you will need a FAC declaration.
All the documents listed above are obligatory.
Send me a models list and description of each model to calculate the overall cost please.
Certificate.Net 2/6/2017 4:06:11 PM
What kind of certificate we need for our GPON product(OLT +ONT). Thank you very much!
Jacob 3/16/2017 7:30:05 PM
Dear Jacob,
In case of using a 220V AC power source the ONT is the subject of EAC declaration.
If the ONT uses some wireless interfaces then it needs to have a RFC certificate.
Finally if the ONT uses any encryption protocols (for example SSL/TLS for remote administration) then it should have a FSS notification.
Certificate.Net 3/17/2017 2:38:26 PM
Dear Sir, we want to export into Russia an industrial tunnel that is around 10 m long, where the Radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (at 27.12 MHz) are applied to the product for heating it. We would like to know: - Which documents (certificates/licenses) are requested? - What is the procedure that must be followed? - What is the max cost for getting this documents? - How long does it take to get this documents? - What information we have to provide for getting these documents. We must provide a written guarantee to our customers, so we need real and safe figures. Thank you. Kind regards.
Ugo 3/30/2017 11:37:20 AM
Dear Ugo,
Usually such products (defrosters) require:

1. EAC certificate of conformity to EMC and LVE standards.
Maximum validity 3 years, the applicant must be the authorized representative in Russia.
Lead time 5 days, cost USD ***, no extra tax.
Certification procedure requires to sign a set of application documents and provide:
  • A copy of the technical specification - signed by the applicant.
  • A copy of the manual - signed by the applicant.
  • A sample of the product label - signed by the applicant.
  • Photos of the product.
  • Copies of the constituent documents of applicant - signed by the applicant.


2. RFC certificate of conformity to HFD standards.
Maximum validity unlimited, the applicant must be the authorized representative in Russia.
Lead time from 5 to 33 days (by applicant’s choice, shorter time requires the bigger tax), cost USD *** + minimum tax USD ***.
Certification procedure requires to sign a set of application documents and provide:
  • A copy of the Unified State Register of Legal Entities form - signed by the applicant.
  • A copy of the order of appointment to the post of applicant’s director - signed by the applicant.
  • A product sample for testing (optional testing on the customs).


If the product RF transmitter has output power above 5W then it also requires:
3. EAC license
Maximum validity 1 year, the applicant must be the importer in Russia.
Lead time 5 days, cost USD *** + tax USD ***.
Registration procedure requires to sign a set of application documents and provide:
  • A copy of trading contract - signed by the applicant.
  • A copy of EAC certificate - signed by the applicant.
  • A copy of RFC certificate - signed by the applicant.

All costs and taxes depends on the exchange course and valid for present date.
Certificate.Net 3/27/2017 2:03:18 PM
Hello, I found your information very helpful! But I have a question. We are planning to export Animal Repellent (it works with a rechargeable battery) to Russia, so could you tell me does it need any of the above mentioned certificates? And if yes-which? Thank you, Irina.
Irina 6/5/2017 11:56:33 AM
Hello Irina,
This product can require 2 types of certificates (declarations):
1. For electrical part.
In case of using some standard (AA, AAA etc.) rechargeable battery, not included in the package, it does not require any certificate of declaration.
In case of using inbuilt battery the product requires EAC certificate.
Please send me a technical description of the product for more specific answer.
What HS code do you use?
2. For chemical part.
We a unable to clarify that because our company does not have experts for chemical industry.
Please check this list of restrictions http://www.eurasiancommission.org/en/act/trade/catr/nontariff/Pages/ediny_perechen.aspx (sections 1.1, 1.4, 2.1, 2.2, 2.12, 2.13)
Certificate.Net 6/5/2017 4:25:28 PM
Hi, We would like to offer our product to Russian customers and we would like to ask you what kind of certificates we need for GLONASS Vehicle Tracking Driver Behaviour Monitor containing SIM Card. We will ship from Dubai UAE to Russia Thank you very much
David Harradine 6/6/2017 11:17:52 AM
Hi David,
Usually such devices require:
1. RFC certificate
Maximum validity unlimited, the applicant must be the authorized representative in Russia (the importer).
Lead time from 5 to 33 days (by applicant’s choice, shorter time requires bigger tax), minimum cost USD *** + minimum tax USD ***.
Please refer to our online calculator for additional info about taxes and issuing times
The test sample is required.
2. FSS notification
Maximum validity unlimited, the applicant must be the manufacturer or the authorized representative in Russia.
Lead time 5 days, cost USD *** for one model, no extra tax.
Registration procedure requires to sign a set of application documents and provide:
- A technical characteristics - signed by the manufacturer or an authorized representative (text prepared by our experts).
or
- A copy of a power of attorney (sample provided by our experts), with Russian translation & Apostille or consular legalization (depends on country).
Certificate.Net 6/6/2017 12:27:48 PM