The importation of goods to the territory of the Russian Federation is regulated by the legislation of the Russian Federation and international legislation whose norms are valid on the territory of the Russian Federation. Among non-tariff norms of regulation of the import of goods, the main ones are the non-tariff legislation of the Russian Federation and the non-tariff legislation of the Customs union of the Eurasian Economic union (EEU). This legislation provides the following types of obligatory regulation for electro-technical products, computer equipment, electronics and radio-electronic devices:
Certification of low-voltage equipment.
Products that use radio frequency energy or electrical energy with a voltage greater than 12 volts, must comply with the technical requirements in the field of safety. The required standards are defined in the technical regulations of the Customs union. To confirm the compliance of certified products, an EAC certificate is issued (customs union certificate, CU certificate).
Certification of means of communication.
Goods used for information transfer by means of electrical or radio frequency energy have to comply with the standards and technical requirements for means of communication. The required standards are established in the orders of the Ministry of Communications. For confirmation of the conformity of certified products, the SSS certificate is issued (communications certificate, telecom certificate).
Confirmation of compliance of radio electronic equipment.
Goods using radio frequency range or radio frequency energy for industrial, scientific, medical, household or other purposes and also for the transfer of information, have to comply with the technical requirements for radio electronic equipment and high frequency devices. The required standards are defined in the decisions of the State Commission on Radio Frequencies. For confirmation of compliance on goods which passed examination, a RF certificate is drawn by the RFC (frequency certificate, radioelectronic certificate).
Confirmation of compliance of encryption equipment.
Goods applied to the work of enciphering or means of cryptography have to comply with the technical requirements for cryptographic equipment and cryptographic tools. The required standards are established in the acts of the Federal Security Service. For confirmation of compliance on goods which passed examination, a FSS notification is drawn by the Federal Security Service (customs notification, FSS license).
Licensing of goods limited to import.
Goods included in the list limited to import into the customs territory, including those containing radio electronic equipment or means of encryption in the structure, have to comply with the limits for these products. The required standards are defined in acts of the Ministry of Industry and Trade. For confirmation of compliance on goods which passed examination, a EAC license is made out (customs license, export license).